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FMEA Template – Failure Modes Effect Analysis

Download the comprehensive FMEA (Failure Modes and Effects Analysis) template to systematically evaluate and mitigate risks in your projects, ensuring reliability and efficiency.
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Daniel Croft

Daniel Croft is an experienced continuous improvement manager with a Lean Six Sigma Black Belt and a Bachelor's degree in Business Management. With more than ten years of experience applying his skills across various industries, Daniel specializes in optimizing processes and improving efficiency. His approach combines practical experience with a deep understanding of business fundamentals to drive meaningful change.

FMEA Template

Template Details

Looking for an easy way to conduct a Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)? Our free FMEA Excel and Google Sheet template makes it simple to identify and prioritize potential failure modes and their potential effects on your product or process. 

With this template, you can easily evaluate the likelihood of each failure mode occurring and determine the most effective corrective actions to take.

The template includes a standardized FMEA form and easy-to-use menus to streamline the analysis process. Simply download the template, input your data, and use the template’s built-in formulas to automatically calculate the risk priority number (RPN) for each failure mode. 

Learn more about the FMEA Process:

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  • RPN Calculations

    Calculate RPN by assessing Severity, Occurrence, and Detection levels. This crucial step helps prioritize risks, guiding effective risk management strategies.

  • Action Setting

    Develop actions for high RPN issues to mitigate risks. This includes process improvements, design changes, and enhanced detection methods for safety and efficiency.

  • Google Drive and Excel Versions

    Access our FMEA templates in Google Drive or Excel formats. Choose your preferred platform for convenient, collaborative risk analysis and management.

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Screenshort of FMEA Template in Microsoft Excel - Ful Size
Step 1

Input Key FMEA Details

Step 2

Insert details of what the input or process step 

Step 3

For the process step provide details of the process failure mode i.e. the ways the process step or input could go wrong. 

Step 4

Explain what the impact of the failure mode is and its impact on the customer if it is not prevented or corrected.

Step 5

Consult the service scale and score the severity of the failure mode in line with the perceived level of severity.

Step 6

Input what could cause the potential failure mode.

Step 7

Consult the occurrence scale and score the occurrence frequency of the failure mode.

Step 8

Detail what current controls exist to prevent or detect the failure

Step 9

Score the detection of the failure mode inline with the detection scale.

Step 10

The Risk Priority Number will automatically calculate its risk value. These numbers should be used to compare the level of risk between different failure modes with a focus on the highest risk as a priority.

Step 11

Based on the severity, occurrence and detection scoring decide what action needs to be taken to reduce the RPN of the failure mode.

Step 12

Decide who will be responsible for the action

Step 13

Detail and confirm the action taken

Step 14

Rescore the RPN, if the risk is still high consider if additional action is necessary.

FMEA Steps

Identify Potential Failures

Begin by listing all components, processes, or systems to evaluate for potential failure modes, considering how each could potentially fail.

Analyze Failure Effects

For each identified failure mode, assess the potential consequences on the system, product, or process, focusing on severity and impact.

Determine Causes

Investigate and document the root causes of each potential failure mode. This involves understanding why the failure could happen, considering both internal and external factors.

Assign RPN

Calculate the Risk Priority Number for each failure mode by multiplying three factors: Severity, Occurrence (likelihood of the failure), and Detection (likelihood of failure detection before it occurs). This helps prioritize which failure modes require immediate attention.

Develop Action Plans

For failure modes with high RPNs, develop and implement action plans aimed at reducing the likelihood of occurrence, increasing the chances of detection, or mitigating the impact. This may involve design changes, process adjustments, or quality control measures.

Review and Update

FMEA is an ongoing process. Regularly review and update the analysis to incorporate changes in the system, process, or external conditions. Also, reassess the effectiveness of implemented actions and make adjustments as necessary.

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